Health education plays an important role in the community hygiene. To prevent illness and have positive health attitude, correct and complete knowledge of health is necessary. Health is cleanliness and cleanliness is one of the main defenses against diseases, whether contagious or self-generated. In this lesson we will discuss the actual meaning of health and hygiene, so that the aim of good health can be achieved through sanitary habits and healthy way of living.
- Explain the concept of health.
- Recognise the importance of physical, mental and spiritual health.
- Appreciate the importance of hygiene.
- State the necessity of personal, environmental and food hygiene.
Health is a positive state of well being, where every part of the body and mind is in harmony and in proper functioning balance with every other part. In other words, when every organ of the body is functioning normally, the state of physical well being is known as health. Health is the characteristic of life that enables a person to live longer. . If a person is disease free or in a good physical state, but under stress, tension, anger, greed etc. than that person is not considered as a healthy person. Hence, in addition to physical health, we must consider the mental and emotional health also, only than spiritual and social health can be achieved and man can progress forward for the well being of the society.
Hygiene is defined as the science and art of preserving and improving health. The purpose of hygiene is to allow man to live in healthy relationship with his environment. It deals both with an individual and a community as a whole. In order to be healthy one must realize that hygiene and sanitation play a very important role.